Puppy vaccinations are just like the vaccines that are given to children to protect them from such things like Polio and Measles.
Just like people, dogs need to be protected from diseases like Parvo, Distemper and Rabies. Rottweilers are highly susceptible to Parvo in particular, so vaccinating your puppy is extremely important!
Making sure your puppy gets his shots not only protects him diseases that kill, but also keeps diseases from spreading throughout the dog community.
Puppies get antibodies from their mother's milk (called colostrum) beginning the day their born and start drinking her milk. Those antibodies protect them until they start weaning off of her, which is usually around the 5 week mark.
There is a time period called the "window of susceptibility", which is the time difference between when the mothers antibodies are not quite high enough to fully protect the puppy, but high enough to block a vaccine from working properly. Research has shown that the "window" can vary widely, and this is a very gray area.
For this reason, you may not be able to interact with new puppy litters when visiting Rottweiler breeders during this time frame.
Typically, veterinarians recommend that a puppy be vaccinated with a "5 in 1" combination for their first shots. The "5 in 1" is called DHLP-P and contains the following vaccines.
are typically given by the breeder when the puppies are between 6 and 9 weeks old. Many Rottweiler breeders will give litters a Parvo shot at the 5 week mark due to Rotties high susceptibility to the disease.
The ideal time for you to bring a puppy home is about 8 weeks, and so you will want to make sure that the breeder did indeed give the first round puppy vaccinations.
will likely be your responsibility alone, and should be given about 3 to 4 weeks later, or when your puppy is between 9 and 12 weeks old. The second round can either be another "5 in 1" combination, or a "7 in 1" combo, depending on the area you live in.
The "7 in 1" vaccine contains the same diseases as the "5 in 1", but with 2 additional diseases. Depending on the manufacturer - either 2 additional strains of Leptospirosis, or 1 Lepto and 1 Coronavirus.
A simple call to your veterinarian should answer which diseases are prevalent in your area, and help you decide which ones to vaccinate for. If you know what you're doing, you can actually purchase either combination vaccine yourself at any feed supply store.
If you're not 110% comfortable giving the shots yourself, then please make sure to contact your veterinarian.
should be given between 12 and 16 weeks, and will include the Rabies
vaccine, which can only be administered by a veterinarian. Also, many
veterinarians recommend an additional 4th shot for the Parvo vaccine to
Rottweilers due to their high susceptibility.
Adult boosters used to be given every year along with the yearly Rabies shot, but most veterinarians now recommend the boosters be given every 3 years. Talk with your vet about their recommendation for your dog and the area you live in.